Amoebiasis, also known amoebic dysentery, is a condition in which your intestines becomes infected with the parasite Entamoeba histolytica or E. histolytica. E. histolytica infections occur in both the intestine and in tissue of the intestine and liver.
In most of the cases, amoebas remain in the gastrointestinal tract of the patient. In some cases the the parasite enters the soft tissues, most commonly the liver.
In general the complications of amoebiasis include:
Other complications include:
Perforation of diaphragm to pericardium and pleural cavity, subdiaphragmatic abscess, perforation to abdominal cavital (amoebic peritonitis) and perforation of skin (amoebiasis cutis) are the complications of hepatic amoebiasis.
Pulmonary amoebiasis can occur from hepatic lesion by haemotagenous spread and also by perforation of pleural cavity and lung. It can cause pulmono pleural fistula, lung abscess, empyema lung and broncho pleural fistula. It can also reach the brain through blood vessels and cause amoebic brain abscess and amoebic meningoencephalitis.
Cutaneous amoebiasis can also occur in skin around sites of colostomy wound, perianal region, region overlying visceral lesion and at the site of drainage of liver abscess.
Urogenital tract amoebiasis occurs from intestinal lesion and can cause amoebic vulvovaginitis , rectovesicle fistula and rectovaginal fistula.
Entamoeba histolytica infection occurs from stunting of growth and malnutrition.
To prevent the spread of many infections to others and to reduce your chance of picking up infections from others, practice of good hygiene is essential.
Amoebiasis is often spread by drinking contaminated water or eating contaminated food. So while traveling you should avoid eating or drinking outside food to help reduce your chance of getting amoebiasis. You should avoid
If you have amoebiasis, you should take care of following things to prevent the spread of amoebiasis to others.