It is important that children, especially infants and young children, receive recommended immunizations on time. Vaccines also protect teenagers and adults to keep them healthy throughout their lives.
Td vaccine is used to protect adolescents and adults from tetanus and diphtheria which are very serious diseases. Both diphtheria and tetanus are caused by bacteria. Diphtheria can spreads easily from infected people where as tetanus enters the body through cuts or wounds.
Diphtheria causes a thick covering in the back of the throat which can lead to breathing problems, paralysis, heart failure, and even death.
Tetanus causes painful tightening of the muscles, usually all over the body which can lead to locking of the jaw. In this condition the patient cannot open his mouth or swallow. Tetanus can cause death very rarely.
Td vaccine can protects against tetanus and diphtheria, but not pertussis. A Td booster should be given every 10 years. Tdap may be given as one of these boosters if you have never gotten Tdap before. Td or Tdap may also be given after a severe cut or burn to prevent tetanus infection. Tdap may safely be given at the same time as other vaccines. You can get more information about vaccine from the person giving you the vaccine or from your doctor.
Things and condition taken to be consideration before taking Td vaccine:
If you ever had a life-threatening allergic reaction after a previous dose of any diphtheria or tetanus containing vaccine, or has a severe allergy to any part of this vaccine, should not get Tdap vaccine. You should inform about any severe allergies that you had before to the person giving vaccine.
Before getting the vaccine speak to your doctor if you:
- had severe pain or swelling after any vaccine containing diphtheria or tetanus
- ever had a condition called Guillain Barre Syndrome (GBS)
- are not feeling well on the day the shot is scheduled
Risks of Td vaccine:
There are chances of side effects are usually mild and go away on their own. Serious reactions are also possible but are rare. Some of the mild Problems following Td vaccine which does not interfere with activities include:
- Pain where the shot was given
- Redness or swelling where the shot was given
- Mild fever
You can also have fever over 102°F which is very rare and does not require medical attention.
Some of the severe Problems such as swelling, severe pain, bleeding and redness in the arm where the shot was given can occur which are rare, but required medical attention as it interface with your usual activities.
A severe allergic reaction would happen within a few minutes to a few hours after the vaccination. There is a very remote chance of a vaccine causing a serious injury or death. The safety of vaccines is always being monitored. You can get all the information from Vaccine Safety site
Signs of a severe allergic reaction can include hives, swelling of the face and throat, difficulty breathing, a fast heartbeat, dizziness, and weakness. These would start a few minutes to a few hours after the vaccination. If you have severe allergic reaction, very high fever, or behavior changes , call 9-1-1 or find the nearest hospital.
The reaction should be reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) through the VAERS website
or by calling 1-800-822-7967. VAERS is only for reporting reactions. They do not give medical advice.
If you are injured by a vaccine, you can file a claim in National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP) by calling 1-800-338-2382 or visiting the VICP website
to get the compensation.
Learn more about Vaccine:
Your doctor can give you the vaccine package insert or suggest other sources of information.
You can call your local or state health department
or can contact the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) by:
Calling 1-800-232-4636 (1-800-CDC-INFO)
Visiting CDC vaccines website